THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
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CHULIN 32-33 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) "SHEHIYAH B'MI'UT SIMANIM"
OPINIONS: Rav Huna brei d'Rav Nasan asks what the Halachah is in a case in
which the Shochet was "Shahah b'Mi'ut Simanim," and the Gemara leaves his
question unanswered ("Teiku").
How exactly was this act of Shehiyah in a minority of the Simanim done?
(a) RASHI explains that the Shochet paused during the Shechitah *after*
cutting a majority of the Simanim. This is the same way Rashi explains the
question regarding Chaladah done to a minority of the Simanim (on 30b; see
We may ask, however, that according to Rashi, how is it possible for a
Shechitah that was done properly (a majority of the Simanim were cut) and is
valid to become Pasul afterwards?
1. The RASHBA (30b, DH Hechlid) says that the Pesul is mid'Rabanan, "so that
it not appear as though he is slaughtering the animal with an act (Shehiyah)
that invalidates Shechitah."
(b) TOSFOS (31b, DH Hichlid) quotes RABEINU TAM who explains that the
Shochet paused in the *first* part of the Shechitah, before cutting a
majority. The Gemara is discussing pausing after cutting the first minority
of the *Kaneh* (trachea). The Shechitah might be valid even though there was
a pause, because the Halachah is that when one finds half of the trachea
already cut and he performs Shechitah at that point, bringing the cut to a
majority of the Kaneh, the Shechitah is valid (28a, 29a). (This is because a
cut in half of the trachea does not render the animal a Tereifah. In
contrast, if there was a cut in the esophagus before the Shechitah, the
animal is a Tereifah.)
2. The TEVU'OS SHOR (23:9) argues with the Rashba and says that Rashi's
words (DH Mahu), "It is all one Shechitah," imply that it is a Pesul
d'Oraisa. The Tevu'os Shor explains that although the Shechitah was already
valid, nevertheless since the cutting of the last part of the Simanim is
also part of the Shechitah process, Shehiyah at that point invalidates the
Shechitah. The Torah says that if a Shechitah is done in two separate parts
(with a pause in between), the entire Shechitah is invalid. Therefore,
although the animal become permitted when a majority of the Simanim were
cut, it looses that status retroactively as a result of the Shehiyah in the
last part of the Shechitah.
RAV ELCHANAN WASSERMAN Hy'd (in KOVETZ INYANIM) has difficulty with the
approach of the Tevu'os Shor. How can a Shechitah that was already valid
become Pasul because of a Shehiyah that occurs afterwards?
Rav Elchanan explains as follows. When one cuts most of the Simanim, the
Shechitah is valid because of "Rubo k'Chulo" -- it is as if he cut all of
the Simanim. When one cuts the majority of a Siman properly, the rule of
"Rubo k'Chulo" applies, and we consider the entire Siman to have been cut
properly. However, when the entire Siman actually was cut, with a majority
cut properly and a minority cut improperly, we cannot apply the rule of
"Rubo k'Chulo" to consider the entire Siman to have been cut properly.
("Rov" is not "k'Chulo" when there is an actual "Kulo.") Accordingly, the
Shechitah is invalidated when the final minority is cut improperly, even
though a majority was cut properly. (See also Insights to Chulin 30:3.)
Rav Elchanan says that the source for this rule -- that "Rubo k'Chulo"
applies only when there is no actual "Kulo" -- is the law that a Zavah must
count seven clean days before becoming Tahor. When the seventh day arrives,
she may become Tahor at the beginning of the day, since, with regard to
counting days, a part of a day is like the entire day. However, if she
becomes a Zavah again at the end of that seventh day, she becomes Tamei
retroactively. The reason for this is because once the entire day has
actually arrived, the Taharah takes effect only with the entire clean day.
Since it turned out that the entire day was not a clean day (since she
became a Zavah at the end of the day), the Taharah does not take effect.
Similarly, with regard to Shechitah, once the Shechitah has been completed,
the entire Shechitah must be done properly, and "Rubo k'Chulo" does not
apply. (Mordechai Zvi Dicker)
According to Rabeinu Tam, if the Shehiyah took place during the final
minority (the case of the Gemara according to Rashi's explanation), the
Shechitah certainly is valid.
(c) Tosfos (ibid.) quotes RABEINU OSHIYA who explains that the Gemara is
discussing neither Shehiyah at the beginning of the Shechitah, nor Shehiyah
at the end of the Shechitah. Pausing after cutting either the first
minority, or the last minority, of the Siman does not invalidate the
Shechitah, according to Rabeinu Oshaya. The Gemara's question involves
Shehiyah that occurs in the *middle* of the Shechitah. In the Gemara
earlier, Rava teaches that when one spends an entire day slaughtering a
single animal (because the blade of the knife is dull), his Shechitah is
valid (provided, of course, that he does not stop in the middle of the
Shechitah, and provided that there is no defect on the blade). Rav Huna brei
d'Rav Nasan is asking what the Halachah is in a case in which the Shochet
finished cutting the majority of the *first* Siman, and then he spent a few
minutes cutting the remaining minority of that Siman, and then continued
cutting the second Siman. Is the time that he took to cut the remaining
minority of the first Siman considered a pause in the Shechitah, since it is
not necessary to cut the remaining minority once a majority has been cut
(and it is considered like cutting a different part of the body, and
constitutes Shehiyah), or is the remaining minority considered to be part of
the Shechitah process, and the cutting of that minority does not constitute
pausing between cutting the first Siman and cutting the second? This is Rav
2) THE STATUS OF THE LUNG AFTER THE TRACHEA IS CUT
OPINIONS: The Gemara quotes Reish Lakish who rules that when the trachea was
cut, and then the lung became punctured before the esophagus was cut, the
Shechitah nevertheless is valid. Since the lung depends on the air flow from
the trachea, once the trachea has been cut the lung is rendered useless, and
it is as if it has been detached from the animal ("k'Mancha b'Dikula
Damya"). A puncture in the lung at that point cannot make the animal a
Does the Gemara literally mean that the lung is considered detached from the
animal after the trachea is cut? This would mean that whenever an animal is
slaughtered, the lung becomes permitted to eat after a single Siman is cut
(i.e. the trachea), since it becomes detached from the animal before the
esophagus is cut!
(a) The ROSH YOSEF understands that this indeed is what the Gemara means.
The lung becomes permitted with the cutting of a single Siman, because that
single Siman constitutes the life-source of the lung.
(b) The RASHBA (Toras ha'Bayis 2:3) explains that we view the lung as
detached only with regard to the laws of Tereifos. Since the lung is no
longer connected to its life-source, it cannot cause the animal to become a
Tereifah. However, in order to permit it to be eaten, both Simanim of the
animal must be cut. If the lung was removed before the Shechitah was
completed, it is prohibited.
The CHAZON ISH (3:19) adds that the lung, after the trachea is cut, is
considered like an "Ever ha'Meduldal," a limb that is cut off from an animal
such that the limb can no longer live. The Halachah is that if such an
animal is slaughtered, the limb becomes permitted to eat with the Shechitah.
Similarly, in the case of the Gemara here, the lung becomes permitted by the
rest of the Shechitah, even though the lung itself is disconnected from its
life-source when the trachea alone is cut.
This follows the Rashba's understanding that we do not consider the lung to
be detached completely, for if it was considered to be detached completely,
then the Shechitah would not be able to permit it. (Mordechai Zvi Dicker)